Chapter 1

The Science Of Life

1.1 The World of Biology Section Review p.9
1.2 Themes in Biology Section Review p.12
1.3 The Study of Biology Section Review p.19
1.4 Tools and Techniques Section Review p.24
Chapter Review p.26

Chapter 2

Chemistry Of Life

2.1 Composition of Matter Section Review p.34
2.2 Energy Section Review p.37
2.3 Water and Solutions Section Review p.44
Chapter Review p.46

Chapter 3

Biochemistry

3.1 Carbon Compounds Section Review p.54
3.2 Molecules of Life Section Review p.60
Chapter Review p.62

Chapter 4

Cell Structure And Function

4.1 The History of Cell Biology Section Review p.71
4.2 Introduction to Cells Section Review p.76
4.3 Cell Organelles and Features Section Review p.85
4.4 Unique Features of Plant Cells Section Review p.90
Chapter Review p.92
Standardized Test Practice p.93

Chapter 5

Homeostasis And Cell Transport

5.1 Passive Transport Section Review p.102
5.2 Active Transport Section Review p.106
Chapter Review p.108

Chapter 6

Photosynthesis

6.1 The Light Reactions Section Review p.118
6.2 The Calvin Cycle Section Review p.124
Chapter Review p.126

Chapter 7

Cellular Respiration

7.1 Glycolysis and Fermentation Section Review p.136
7.2 Aerobic Respiration Section Review p.144
Chapter Review p.146

Chapter 8

Cell Reproduction

8.1 Chromosomes Section Review p.153
8.2 Cell Division Section Review p.159
8.3 Meiosis Section Review p.164
Chapter Review p.166

Chapter 9

Fundamentals Of Genetics

9.1 Mendel's Legacy Section Review p.178
9.2 Genetic Crosses Section Review p.186
Chapter Review p.188

Chapter 10

Dna, Rna And Protein Synthesis

10.1 Discovery of DNA Section Review p.195
10.2 DNA Structure Section Review p.199
10.3 DNA Replication Section Review p.202
10.4 Protein Synthesis Section Review p.210
Chapter Review p.212

Chapter 11

Gene Expression

11.1 Control of Gene Expression Section Review p.222
11.2 Gene Expression in Development and Cell Division Section Review p.228
Chapter Review p.230

Chapter 12

Inheritance Patterns And Human Genetics

12.1 Chromosomes and Inheritance Section Review p.240
12.2 Human Genetics Section Review p.248
Chapter Review p.250

Chapter 13

Gene Technology

13.1 DNA Technology Section Review p.260
13.2 The Human Genome Project Section Review p.264
13.3 Genetic Engineering Section Review p.270
Chapter Review p.272

Chapter 14

History Of Life

14.1 Biogenesis Section Review p.281
14.2 Earth's History Section Review p.286
14.3 The First Life-Forms Section Review p.290
Chapter Review p.292

Chapter 15

Theory Of Evolution

15.1 History of Evolutionary Thought Section Review p.301
15.2 Evidence of Evolution Section Review p.307
15.3 Evolution in Action Section Review p.310
Chapter Review p.312

Chapter 16

Population Genetics And Speciation

16.1 Genetic Equilibrium Section Review p.320
16.2 Disruption of Genetic Equilibrium Section Review p.325
16.3 Formation of Species Section Review p.330
Chapter Review p.332

Chapter 17

Classification Of Organisms

17.1 Biodiversity Section Review p.339
17.2 Systematics Section Review p.345
17.3 Modern Classification Section Review p.350
Chapter Review p.352

Chapter 18

Introduction To Ecology

18.1 Introduction to Ecology Section Review p.362
18.2 Ecology of Organisms Section Review p.365
18.3 Energy Transfer Section Review p.369
18.4 Ecosystem Recycling Section Review p.374
Chapter Review p.376

Chapter 19

Populations

19.1 Understanding Populations Section Review p.384
19.2 Measuring Populations Section Review p.389
19.3 Human Population Growth Section Review p.392
Chapter Review p.394

Chapter 20

Community Ecology

20.1 Species Interactions Section Review p.404
20.2 Patterns in Communities Section Review p.410
Chapter Review p.412

Chapter 21

Ecosystems

21.1 Terrestrial Biomes Section Review p.422
21.2 Aquatic Ecosystems Section Review p.428
Chapter Review p.430

Chapter 22

Humans And The Environment

22.1 An Interconnected Planet Section Review p.439
22.2 Environmental Issues Chapter Review p.444
22.3 Environmental Solutions Section Review p.452
Chapter Review p.454

Chapter 23

Bacteria

23.1 Prokaryotes Section Review p.466
23.2 Biology of Prokaryotes Section Review p.471
23.3 Bacteria and Humans Section Review p.476
Chapter Review p.478

Chapter 24

Viruses

24.1 Viral Structure and Replication Section Review p.488
24.2 Viral Diseases Section Review p.494
Chapter Review p.496

Chapter 25

Protists

25.1 Characteristics of Protists Section Review p.504
25.2 Animal-like Protists Section Review p.509
25.3 Plantlike and Funguslike Protists Section Review p.515
25.4 Protists and Humans Section Review p.520
Chapter Review p.522
Chapter Review p.700

Chapter 26

Fungi

26.1 Overview of Fungi Section Review p.529
26.2 Classification of Fungi Section Review p.533
26.3 Fungi and Humans Section Review p.536
Chapter Review p.538

Chapter 27

The Importance Of Plants

27.1 Plants and People Section Review p.552
27.2 Plants and the Environment Section Review p.556
Chapter Review p.558

Chapter 28

Plant Evolution And Classification

28.1 Overview of Plants Section Review p.566
28.2 Nonvascular Plants Section Review p.569
28.3 Vascular Plants Section Review p.576
Chapter Review p.578

Chapter 29

Plant Structure And Function

29.1 Plant Cells and Tissues Section Review p.586
29.2 Roots Section Review p.591
29.3 Stems Section Review p.597
29.4 Leaves Section Review p.602
Chapter Review p.604

Chapter 30

Plant Reproduction

30.1 Plant Life Cycles Section Review p.612
30.2 Sexual Reproduction in Flowering Plants Section Review p.617
30.3 Dispersal and Propogation Section Review p.624
Chapter Review p.626

Chapter 31

Plant Responses

31.1 Plant Hormones Section Review p.635
31.2 Plant Movements Section Review p.639
31.3 Seasonal Responses Section Review p.642
Chapter Review p.644

Chapter 32

Introduction To Animals

32.1 The Nature of Animals Section Review p.656
32.2 Invertebrates and Vertebrates Section Review p.661
32.3 Fertilization and Development Section Review p.666
Chapter Review p.668

Chapter 33

Sponges, Cnidarians And Ctenophores

33.1 Porifera Section Review p.675
33.2 Cnidaria and Ctenophora Section Review p.682
Chapter Review p.684

Chapter 34

Flatworms, Roundworms, And Rotifers

34.1 Platyhelminthes Section Review p.694
34.2 Nematoda and Rotifera Section Review p.698

Chapter 35

Mollusks And Annelids

35.1 Mollusca Section Review p.711
35.2 Annelida Section Review p.716
Chapter p.718

Chapter 36

Arthropods

36.1 Phylum Arthropoda Section Review p.725
36.2 Subphylum Crustacea Section Review p.730
36.3 Subphyla Chelicerata and Myriapoda Section Review p.734
Chapter Review p.736

Chapter 37

Insects

37.1 The Insect World Section Review p.750
37.2 Insect Behavior Section Review p.754
Chapter Review p.756

Chapter 38

Echinoderms And Invertebrate Chordates

38.1 Echinoderms Section Review p.767
38.2 Invertebrate Chordates Section Review p.770
Chapter Review p.772

Chapter 39

Fishes

39.1 Introduction to Vertebrates Section Review p.781
39.2 Jawless and Cartilaginous Fishes Section Review p.786
39.3 Bony Fishes Section Review p.792
Chapter Review p.794

Chapter 40

Amphibians

40.1 Origin and Evolution of Amphibians Section Review p.803
40.2 Characteristics of Amphibians Section Review p.809
40.3 Reproduction in Amphibians Section Review p.812
Chapter Review p.814

Chapter 41

Reptiles

41.1 Origin and Evolution of Reptiles Section Review p.824
41.2 Characteristics of Reptiles Section Review p.829
41.3 Modern Reptiles Section Review p.834
Chapter Review p.836

Chapter 42

Birds

42.1 Origin and Evolution of Birds Section Review p.843
42.2 Characteristics of Birds Section Review p.849
42.3 Classification Section Review p.854
Chapter Review p.856

Chapter 43

Mammals

43.1 Origin and Evolution of Mammals Section Review p.863
43.2 Characteristics of Mammals Section Review p.867
43.3 Diversity of Mammals Section Review p.874
43.4 Primates and Human Origins Section Review p.880
Chapter Review p.882

Chapter 44

Animal Behavior

44.1 Development of Behavior Section Review p.891
44.2 Types of Animal Behavior Section Review p.898
Chapter Review p.900

Chapter 45

Skeletal, Muscular And Integumentary Systems

45.1 The Human Body Plan Section Review p.910
45.2 Skeletal System Section Review p.916
45.3 Muscular System Section Review p.922
45.4 Integumentary System Section Review p.926
Chapter Review p.928

Chapter 46

Circulatory And Respiratory Systems

46.1 The Circulatory System Section Review p.939
46.2 Blood Section Review p.944
46.3 The Respiratory System Section Review p.950
Chapter Review p.952

Chapter 47

The Body's Defense Systems

47.1 Nonspecific Diseases Section Review p.960
47.2 Specific Diseases: The Immune System Section Review p.969
47.3 HIV and AIDS Section Review p.972
Chapter Review p.974

Chapter 48

Digestive And Excretory Systems

48.1 Nutrients Section Review p.984
48.2 Digestive System Section Review p.991
48.3 Urinary System Section Review p.998
Chapter Review p.1000

Chapter 49

Nervous System And Sensory Organs

49.1 Neurons and Nerve Impulses Section Review p.1009
49.2 Structure of the Nervous System Section Review p.1015
49.3 Sensory Systems Section Review p.1020
49.4 Drugs and the Nervous System Section Review p.1024
Chapter Review p.1026

Chapter 50

Endocrine System

50.1 Hormones Section Review p.1033
50.2 Endocrine Glands Section Review p.1042
Chapter Review p.1044

Chapter 51

Reproductive System

51.1 Male Reproductive System Section Review p.1051
51.2 Female Reproductive System Section Review p.1055
51.3 Gestation Section Review p.1060
Chapter Review p.1062
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